Assessment and Instruction

Category: Reading Program

The cyclical relationship between assessment and instruction will be the foundation for supporting all students in their literacy development, particularly for students who are reading above or below their expected level of performance.

This relationship is also demonstrated through The School’s RtI implementation. Ongoing classroom assessment will be diagnostic in nature and will provide teachers with valuable information that will be used to plan further instruction. Research based instruction techniques used in the classroom will be a direct reflection of student need based upon assessment.

All grade levels at The School will participate take The Florida Assessments for Instruction in Reading (FAIR) to further promote the assessment-instruction relationship. The FAIR uses a broad screening tool to determine the probability of each student’s success on the FCAT Reading. Students who score in the green zone (85% probability or higher of scoring at or above grade level) will take a Broad Diagnostic Inventory to provide teachers with more information.

Students who score in the yellow or red zones (16-84% probability and 15% or below probability of scoring at grade level, respectively) will take a Targeted Diagnostic Inventory. The data obtained from this measure will be used to more closely narrow in on reading difficulties. These students require ongoing progress monitoring. The FAIR is given three times each year for ongoing information to support teachers in lesson planning and preparing for differentiation of instruction.

Response to Intervention (RTI): The Response to Intervention model allows for effective identification of student learning needs based upon data. This process will be ongoing throughout The School as an integral part of diagnosis and decision-making for instruction.

Assessment will be ongoing and diagnostic in nature to provide teachers with the most crucial information needed to adjust instruction and provide the appropriate immediate intensive intervention to impact student achievement.

 

Within the framework of RTI, three tiers are recognized that provide increasing levels of intensity:

 

Tier 1- Core Instruction and Support: Academic instruction within the comprehensive core program is provided to all students, along with scaffolding and support.

Tier 2 - Targeted Supplemental Interventions: A minimum of 20 additional minutes of targeted intervention instruction are provided with increased levels of intensity, in addition to differentiated small group instruction.

Tier 3 - Intensive, Individualized Interventions: This highly intensive level of intervention is based entirely upon individual student need. Frequency of interventions is increased along with individualized instructional time.

This tiered approach involves the following four steps:

 

Identify the problem.

Analyze the problem and determine why there is a discrepancy.

Establish performance goals, develop an intervention plan, and monitor student progress throughout implementation.

Use data collected during progress monitoring to evaluate effectiveness of the intervention. Adjust or modify intervention instruction as needed to promote student progress.

 

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